What is Meningitis?
Meningitis is a rare infection that affects the delicate membranes (folds) called meninges. These folds cover the brain and spinal cord. There are several types of this disease, including bacterial, viral, and fungal.
Bacterial meningitis can be life-threatening and spreads between people in close contact with each other. Viral meningitis tends to be less severe, and most people recover completely without treatment. Fungal meningitis is a rare form of the disease. It usually only happens in people who have a weakened immune system – the body’s defence against germs.
How is Meningitis spread?
The bacteria is present in an infected individual’s nose and throat that easily spreads through coughing and sneezing. Meningitis is one of the highly prevalent and virulent diseases in the developing world. So, if you are travelling to developing countries, getting the vaccine is essential to avoid secondary meningitis infection.
What are the common symptoms of Meningitis?
The exact incubation period of Meningitis is unknown but symptoms can start to show in one week. Symptoms include fever, lethargy and stiffness in the head and neck. Severe headaches can also occur. Detecting the presence of meningitis in infants can be challenging. The infected infants become less active and irritable and have vomiting and loss of appetite. Causative bacteria are present in the nose and throat which spread through coughing and sneezing. So, if you contract the disease, it is essential to follow through with any and all medical treatments.